Updated 15th May 2016
Buddhism Death Emergency Assistance Metta Sutta Discourse on Loving Kindness
Submitted by The Buddhist Society London UK
Advisor on Buddhism to Faith and Fire
The Buddhist Society 58 Eccleston Square, London, SW1V 1PH Telephone: 020 7834 5858 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Buddha’s Words on Loving Kindness (Metta Sutta) This is what should be done By one who is skilled in goodness, And who knows the path of peace: Let them be able and upright, Straight forward and gentle in speech. Humble and not conceited, Contented and easily satisfied. Unburdened with duties and frugal in their ways. Peaceful and calm, and wise and skilful, Not proud and demanding in nature. Let them not do the slightest thing That the wise would later reprove. Wishing: In gladness and in safety, May all beings be at ease. Whatever living beings there may be; Whether they are weak or strong, omitting none, The great or the mighty, medium, short or small, The seen and the unseen, Those living near and far away, Those born and to-be-born, May all beings be at ease!
Let none deceive another, Or despise any being in any state. Let none through anger or ill-will Wish harm upon another. Even as a mother protects with her life Her child, her only child, So with a boundless heart Should one cherish all living beings: Radiating kindness over the entire world Spreading upwards to the skies, And downwards to the depths; Outwards and unbounded, Freed from hatred and ill-will. Whether standing or walking, seated or lying down Free from drowsiness, One should sustain this recollection. This is said to be the sublime abiding. By not holding to fixed views, The pure-hearted one, having clarity of vision, Being freed from all sense desires, Is not born again into this world.
The Pali Text and an Alternative Translation
KARANIYA METTA SUTTA
- Karaniyam attha kusalena – yamtam santam padam abhisamecca – Sakko uju ca suhuju ca – suvaco ca’ssa mudu anatimani
- Santusakko ca subharo ca – appakicco ca sallahukavutti – Santindriyo ca nipako ca – appagabbho kulesu ananugiddho
- Na ca khuddam samacare kinci – yena vinnu pare upavadeyyum – Sukhino va khemino hontu – sabbe satta bhavantu sukhitatta
- Ye keci pana-bhutatthi – tasa va thavara va anavasesa – Digha va ye mahanta va majjhima rassakanukathula
- Dittha va yeva addittha – ye ca dure vasanti avidure – Bhuta va sambavesi va – sabbe satta bhavantu sukhitatta
- Na paro param nikubbetha – natimannetha katthacinam kanci – Byarosana patigha-sanna – nannam-annassa dukkham-iccheyya
- Mata yatha niyam puttam – ayusa eka-puttam-anurakkhe – Evam-pi sabba-bhutesu – mana-sambhavaye aparimanam
- Mettanca sabba-lokasmim – mana-sambhavaye aparimanam – Uddham adho ca tiriyanca – asambadham averam asapattam
- Titthan’caram nisinno va – sayano va yavatassa vigatam-iddho – Etam satim adhittheyya – brahmam-etam viharam idham-ahu
- Ditthin ca anupagamma silava dassanena sampanno – Kamesu vinneya gedham – na hi jatu gabbha-seyyam punaretiti.
THE DISCOURSE ON LOVING-KINDNESS
- One who is skilled in the good and who wishes to attain that state of calm, Nibbana, should act thus: one should be sincere to oneself, upright and conscientious, of soft speech, gentle and not proud.
- Contented, living simply, peaceful and unburdened, with senses calmed, prudent, modest, and without showing anxiety for support.
- One should not commit any slight wrong on account of which wise men might censure one.
4-5 Whatever living beings there be – those mentally feeble or strong, physically long, stout or medium, short, small or large; Those seen or unseen, dwelling far or near; those who are born and those who are to be born – may all beings, without exception, be happy-minded!
6.Let none deceive another nor despise any person whatsoever in any place; in anger or ill-will let one not wish any harm to another.
- Just as a mother would protect her only child at the risk of her own life, even so, let one cultivate a boundless heart towards all beings.
- Let thoughts of infinite love pervade the whole world – above, below and around – without any obstruction, without any hatred, without any enmity.
- Whether standing, walking, sitting, or lying down, as long as one is awake, this mindfulness should be developed: this, the wise say, is the highest conduct here.
- Not embracing false views, virtuous and endowed with insight, giving up attachment to sense desires – indeed, such a person does not come again for repeated becoming [rebirth].